TENUTA SAN GUIDO
Tenuta San Guido is named after San Guido della Gherardesca, who lived in the 13th century. It is located between Livorno and Grosseto, in the Maremma, and stretches for 13 kilometers from the sea to the back of the hills. An ideal situation because with 2,500 hectares available it was possible to find the 75 hectares best suited for Sassicaia. So exceptional as to deserve a D.O.C all of them (D.O.C. Bolgheri Sassicaia) which is the only one in Italy to be entirely included in a property.
The vineyards of Tenuta San Guido extend over a total area of about 90 hectares and are divided into zones chosen for the particular characteristics of both exposure and soil composition. A part of the vineyards are located in the hills, at an altitude ranging from 200 to 300 meters s.l.m. The vineyards of San Martino and Mandrioli are close to the hills in the central area of the estate while the other vineyards are located further down at an altitude of about 80 meters. The climate is crucial for a correct and healthy ripening of the grapes. It is influenced by the sea and the hills behind it that protect it from the winds. The vineyards in such different areas are an important factor for the complexity of the wines, and provide an unsurpassed choice depending on the climatic trend for the harvest. To confirm this, a recent study by the University of Pisa highlighted the absolute uniqueness of the San Guido vineyards by type of land, compared to the surrounding area. The vineyards, cultivated with spurred cordon, produce about 55-60 quintals of grapes per hectare. The system of breeding and the very low yield of grapes per strain, give a product always healthy and rich in sugar, tannins and extract.